Steps to become a Lawyer/Attorney in Tennessee
Follow the step by step process or choose what situation that best describes you:
- Get my Tennessee Undergraduate Pre-Law Education
- Take the LSAT (Law School Admission Test)
- Go to Law School in Tennessee
- Take the Tennessee State Bar Exam and become an Attorney
- Now that You’ve Been Admitted to the Bar
Law Information for Tennessee
According to information provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) of the US Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, in 2016 the mean annual salary for lawyers in Tennessee was $127,700. Tennessee lawyers earning in the 90th percentile could make in excess of $208,000 annually. Lawyers in Tennessee may become certified to practice in a variety of specialization areas, including civil law, criminal law, elder law, family law, juvenile law, social security disability law, bankruptcy law, estate planning law, malpractice law, and DUI defense. If your goal is to become a licensed lawyer and member of the Tennessee bar, keep reading to discover the steps you should take to realize this goal.
Get Your Tennessee Undergraduate Pre-Law Major
Pre-legal education is required under the rules of the Tennessee Board of Law Examiners. You must obtain a bachelor’s degree prior to going to law school.
The Tennessee Board of Law Examiners requires that, before enrolling in law school, you receive a bachelor’s degree from a college on the approved list of the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools (or of any equivalent regional accreditation association such as):
- Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools
- New England Commission of Higher Education
- The Higher Learning Commission
- Western Association of Schools and Colleges Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges
- Western Association of Schools and Colleges Senior College and University Commission
Requirements and Standards
Although the Tennessee Board of Law Examiners mandates that you must have a bachelor’s degree in addition to your law degree when you sit for the state’s bar exam, it does not mandate the course of study or types of classes you should take. The American Bar Association (ABA) has said that pre-legal education should be challenging and interesting, above all. Certain courses like criminal justice, political science, government, philosophy, human behavior, business, and English may help you as you work towards your goal of becoming a Tennessee lawyer if taken during your undergraduate education.
You may receive your bachelor’s degree in any area in which you choose, as a Bachelor of Science (BS) or Bachelor of Arts (BA), as long as the degree comes from an accredited institution.
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LSAT (Law School Admission Test) in Tennessee
The next major hurdle you must accomplish on your way to becoming a Tennessee lawyer is to pass the LSAT or Law School Admission Test.
How to prepare
Ways that you may prepare for the LSAT in Tennessee include:
LSAT Exam Prep Courses in Tennessee:
- LSAT Prep, TestMasters, University of Tennessee College of Law, Knoxville
- LSAT Prep Course, Kaplan, Nashville
- LSAT Prep, Manhattan Prep, online
The standardized LSAT is a half-day in length, and is made up of five sections with questions of three different types:
- Reading Comprehension: these questions evaluate your ability to read and comprehend complex materials that mimic types of materials you will encounter in law school
- Analytical Reasoning : these questionsevaluate your ability to comprehend relationship structures and to make logical conclusions about them
- Logical Reasoning: these questionsgauge your ability to comprehend, analyze, criticize, and complete arguments
You will also encounter an unscored, experimental section, which will repeat one of the above sections. You will not know which section is the experimental one, so try your best on all sections of the test. At the end of the LSAT, you must produce a writing sample on a given topic. This, too, is not scored as part of the LSAT. However, it will be sent to the law schools to which you apply to determine your viability as a law school candidate.
Plan to take the LSAT no sooner than after your junior year in undergraduate school is completed. Applications to take the LSAT are submitted online through the Law School Admission Council (LSAC). The LSAT is offered in February, June, October and December. You should not take the test as late as October or December of the year in which you plan to apply to law school, however. Testing centers in Tennessee include:
- Belmont University College of Law, 1901 15th Ave S., Nashville, TN 37212
- The University of Memphis, 3720 Alumni Ave, Memphis, TN 38152
- John J. Duncan, Jr. School of Law, Lincoln Memorial University, 601 W. Summit Hill Dr SW, Knoxville, TN 37902
- Southern Adventist University, 4881 Taylor Circle, Collegedale, TN 37315
- University of Tennessee-Chattanooga, 615 McCallie Ave, Chattanooga, TN 37403-2598
- Union University, 1050 Union University Dr, Jackson, TN 38305-3697
- East Tennessee State University, 1276 Gilbreath Dr, Johnson City, TN 37614
- University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996
- Middle Tennessee State University, 1301 East Main Street, Murfreesboro, TN 37132
- Tennessee State University, 3500 John A. Merritt Blvd, Nashville, TN 37209
- Vanderbilt University, 2101 West End Avenue, Nashville, TN 37235
- Sewanee: The University of the South, 735 University Avenue, Sewanee, TN 37383
Receiving Your Score
You will receive a score between 120 and 180, and your LSAT results will be mailed to you about three weeks after you take the test. Examples of average LSAT scores accepted by Tennessee law schools include:
|University of Memphis:||152|
|University of Tennessee College of Law:||158|
|Vanderbilt University Law School:||166|
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You must now apply to an ABA-accredited law school or the one non-ABA accredited in-state school currently approved by the Board. Tennessee’s Board-approved and ADA-accredited law schools are:
- Belmont University College of Law, 1900 Belmont Blvd, Nashville, TN 37212 (ABA-accredited)
- Nashville School of Law, 4013 Armory Oaks Drive, Nashville, TN 37204 (not currently ABA-accredited, but approved by the Board)
- Lincoln Memorial University’s Duncan School of Law, 601 W Summit Hill Dr, Knoxville, TN 37902 (ABA accredited)
- University of Memphis-Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law, One North Front Street, Memphis, TN 38103-2189 (ABA accredited)
- University of Tennessee College of Law, 1505 W. Cumberland Avenue, Suite 161, Knoxville, TN 37996 (ABA accredited)
- Vanderbilt University Law School, 131 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203 (ABA accredited)
Additionally, a complete list of over 200 ABA-accredited law schools throughout the country is available in the American Bar Association’s List of ABA-Approved Law Schools.
Credential Assembly Service
Most law schools require that you use the Law School Admission Council’s Credential Assembly Service (CAS) at the time you apply for enrollment. The CAS is a centralized database that streamlines the admissions process. You simply gather transcripts, letters of recommendation and the like, and have them sent to CAS. CAS will then compile necessary information into law school reports that they will distribute electronically to the law schools to which you choose to apply.
The Tennessee Board of Law Examiners has set forth certain requirements for approved law school programs.
- No correspondence course will be accepted by the Board towards fulfilling your legal education requirement
- Must include coursework on:
- A lawyer’s professional responsibilities in representing clients, as an officer of the court, and as a public citizen
- Property (real and personal)
- Fundamental principles of private and public law
- Nature, basis and role of the law and its institutions
- Legal writing skills
- Criminal law (substantive and procedural)
- Legal analysis skills
- Issue recognition
- Civil procedure (US and Tennessee)
- Business organizations (agency, corporations, partnerships)
- Problem solving
- Commercial transactions
- Trusts and estates
- Oral and written communications
- Domestic relations/personal status
- Constitutional law (US and Tennessee)
- Restitution and remedies
- Conflicts of law
- Family law
- Must include at least one rigorous writing experience
Online Law Degrees
(For students who choose to focus on a subset of law other than an attorney.)
Under Tennessee rules, if you have completed at least half of the credits required for law school graduation, you may, with the Tennessee Supreme Court’s written approval, provide legal services to and/or appear in court on behalf of any person or entity who cannot afford legal counsel; or on behalf of the state, municipal or county government. This must be as part of an internship/clinical program provided by your law school. You must be working in a legal aid program, serving as an assistant to a District Attorney, Public Defender, the State’s Attorney General, state agency counsel, or a county or municipal legal director’s office. You will be supervised by a member of the law school’s faculty as well as by a licensed lawyer on-site.
The Tennessee Board of Law Examiners requires that all lawyers in the state have a J.D. degree. You may opt to complete a dual degree program (JD and something else) or a concentration within your JD degree. For example, joint degree programs at Vanderbilt University include:
- JD/PhD (Neuroscience)
- JD/MBA (Master of Business Administration)
- JD/MD (Medicine)
- JD/MPP (Master of Public Policy, Education Policy)
- JD/PhD (Law and Economics)
- JD/MSF (Finance)
Take and Pass the Tennessee State Bar Exam
Once you have completed the first three steps, you are set to apply to take the Tennessee bar exam. It is administered in February and July. Final deadlines to submit application and information for the February exam are Dec. 20; and for the July exam, May 20.
Foreign Law School Graduates
Graduates of foreign law schools may apply to take Tennessee’s bar exam. However, your total education must be found by the Board to be substantially equivalent to that of an ABA/Tennessee-approved law school. Your credits must be evaluated on a course-by-course basis by a Credential Evaluation Service that is a member of the National Association of Credential Evaluation Services.
Non-ABA-Approved Law School Graduates
If you graduated from a law school not approved by the ABA, you must be able to prove to the Board that your undergraduate and law school education is equivalent to that required by the Board.
You can find free study preparation material for the Uniform Bar Exam (UBE), which has been adopted by the Tennessee Board of Law Examiners, and consists of the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE), Multistate Essay Exam (MEE) and the Multistate Performance Test (MPT), at the National Conference of Bar Examiners website. Other resources to help you prepare to take the Tennessee bar exam include:
- Barbri Tennessee UBE Bar Review Course, online, classroom, and hybrid
- Tennessee Bar Exam Outlines and Lectures 2015, baroutlines, online
- Tennessee Uniform Bar Exam Review Course, BarMax, online
The Tennessee bar exam is a two-day affair. You will take the six-hour, 200-question multiple choice MBE, the two 90-minute skills-based MPT exams, and answer six 30-minute essay questions on the MEE. Subjects that are covered on the UBE include:
- Business associations and organizations
- Civil procedure
- Conflict of laws
- Constitutional law
- Criminal law and procedure
- Real property
- Remedies and restitution
- Wills and estates
- Legal analysis and reasoning
- Factual analysis
- Recognizing/resolving ethical dilemmas
First, you must create a secure NCBE number account at ncbex.org. Complete the NCBE Character and Fitness application at the National Conference of Bar Examiners website. Follow the directions on the website in submitting the application and necessary attachments, as well as payment, to the NCBE.
Next, create a Synergy account with the Tennessee Board of Law Examiners. Complete the new user registration and submit the application online. After receiving a confirmation email, you may access the Application for First Time Examination online. Complete and submit this online.
Then, return to the Synergy dashboard and click the “details” link. Here, you will be told what required documents you must upload and which you must mail to the TBLE. Necessary documentation includes:
- Online application for first time applicants
- Upload PDF file of NCBE application completed online
- Current, color passport-sized .jpg photo uploaded online
- Upload your current resume in PDF format
- Have undergraduate transcripts mailed from your school directly to TBLE
- Have all law schools you attended mail a Completed Law Degree Verification and Certificate of Dean of Law School form directly to TBLE
- If you attended a non-ABA approved law school, have the disclosure form mailed to TBLE
- If you are licensed in another U.S. jurisdiction, upload in PDF format certificates of admission and of good standing
- If you received foreign legal education, have equivalency evaluation and/or Affidavit of Practice in Foreign Country mailed to TBLE
- Submit $575 application fee payable to TBLE via check or money order only. Mail to TBLE, 511 Union St, Suite 525, Nashville, TN 37219. Note your name and NCBE number on the check.
The Tennessee bar exam is graded as follows:
It usually takes about six weeks to receive results back from the February bar exam in Tennessee, and nine weeks for the July exam. Results will be mailed to you.
Previous Tennessee bar exam pass rates (as published by Adaptibar) are as follows:
Tennessee Law Course
The Tennessee Supreme Court recently adopted a rule requiring that all bar applicants must complete a Tennessee Law Course prior to being admitted to the bar of Tennessee. This course is administered by the TBLE and is offered online. The Tennessee Law Course must be completed within one year of passing the bar exam.
Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE)
Within 2 years of taking your first Tennessee bar exam, you must take and pass the Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE) with a scaled score of at least 82. You may apply online to take this test, offered four times per year at these Tennessee locations:
- University of Tennessee at Knoxville
- University of Memphis
- Middle Tennessee State University
- Belmont University
- Vanderbilt University
Admission on Motion
The Tennessee Board of Law Examiners may admit you to the bar without examination (that is, admission on motion) if you are already a licensed attorney in another state or US jurisdiction. You must:
- Meet the state’s educational requirements
- Have actively practiced law in the state in which you are a bar member for five of the past seven years
- Show that you have the knowledge, skills, and basic competence
- Have passed the bar exam in another state equivalent to Tennessee
- Have a certificate of good standing from every state in which you have been a bar member
Registration of In-House Counsel
You may be registered with the Board as in-house counsel if you meet the following qualifications:
- Have been admitted to the bar of another US jurisdiction
- Maintain an continuous presence there
- Are employed as a lawyer by an organization that does not provide legal services
- Are in good standing in all jurisdictions in which you are a bar member
As registered in-house counsel, you may provide legal services to your business entity client or its organizational affiliates, only on matters directly related to their work for the entity. You may not appear before a Tennessee court, provide legal services in any other capacity, or hold yourself out to be licensed to practice law in Tennessee. You may, however, provide pro bono legal services through an established non-profit or pro bono legal services program.
You’ve Been Admitted to the Tennessee Bar
Congratulations – you have finally achieved your goal of becoming a licensed Tennessee lawyer and member of the state’s bar! You are automatically a member of the Tennessee Bar Association’s Young Lawyers Division (YLD), made up of lawyers under age 36 or with five or fewer years of experience. This group, and the Bar Association as a whole, can assist you in getting started out with your own solo legal practice, finding work with existing practice, or finding legal jobs in business or organizations.<!- mfunc search_btn -> <!- /mfunc search_btn ->
There are numerous Fortune 500 companies making their homes in Tennessee, and they often need legal help. Some of these include FedEx in Memphis, International Paper in Memphis, HCA Holdings in Nashville, Eastman Chemical in Kingsport, Community Health Systems in Franklin, and Dollar General in Goodlettsville.
Existing law firms across Tennessee that may be hiring new attorneys include corporate lawyers Bone McAllester Norton PLLC in Nashville; general practice firm Batson Nolan PLC in Springfield; employment law lawyers Kramer & Crone Attorneys at Law in Memphis; personal injury firm Morgan & Morgan in Memphis; and business law firm Bond, Botes & Lawson, P.C. in Chattanooga.
Legal specialty certification
The Tennessee Commission on Continuing Legal Education does not test applicants for certification to become legal specialists in any certain area. It does, however, recognize certifications provided by other approved organizations, such as:
- National Elder Law Foundation:
- Certified Elder Law Attorney
- American Board of Certification:
- Consumer & Business Bankruptcy
- Creditors’ Rights
- American Board of Professional Liability Attorneys:
- Accounting Malpractice
- Legal Malpractice
- Medical Malpractice
- National College for DUI Defense:
- DUI Defense
- National Association of Counsel for Children:
- Juvenile Law
- Child Welfare
- National Board of Trial Advocacy:
- Civil & Criminal Trial Law
- Civil Pretrial Practice Law
- Family Law
- Social Security Disability Law
Requirements for maintaining license
Under Tennessee rules, lawyers must complete 12 hours of Continuing Legal Education (CLE) annually, plus three hours of ethics. More information is available through the Tennessee Commission on Continuing Legal Education.
Court Systems in Tennessee
Tennessee’s Court System is structured in the following way:
- Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction: also called local courts, as they are funded at the local level
- Courts of General Sessions: exist in all 95 counties in Tennessee, handle preliminary matters in major criminal cases, and may try minor criminal and civil matters
- Juvenile Courts: exist in 17 of the state’s 31 judicial districts, exclusive jurisdiction over delinquent, neglected, unruly and dependent minors
- Municipal Courts: have geographical jurisdiction within their own cities, exist in about 300 Tennessee cities, deal with municipal ordinance violations such as parking or traffic
- Trial Courts of General Jurisdiction:
- Circuit Courts: courts of general jurisdiction that hear civil and criminal cases, also hear appeals from courts of limited jurisdiction exist in all 31 judicial districts in Tennessee
- Chancery Courts: exist in all 31 judicial districts across the state, conduct civil jury trials
- Criminal Courts: exist in 13 of Tennessee’s 31 judicial districts where the criminal caseload for Circuit Courts is heaviest
- Intermediate Appellate Courts:
- The Court of Appeals: hears appeals of civil cases from lower courts. Meets in Knoxville, Jackson, and Nashville.
- Court of Criminal Appeals: hears appeals of criminal cases, habeas corpus, and Post-Conviction Procedure Act proceedings, civil or criminal contempt from a criminal matter; and extradition cases. Meets in Knoxville, Jackson, and Nashville.
- Tennessee Supreme Court: the highest court in Tennessee, hears direct appeals involving state taxes, the constitutionality of laws, and the right to hold/retain public office. Meets in Knoxville, Nashville, and Jackson.
Elective membership organizations
Consider joining a Tennessee organization made up of lawyers within your practice specialty, demographic or interest, such as:
- Tennessee Trial Lawyers Association
- Tennessee Defense Lawyers Association
- Tennessee Lawyers’ Association for Women
- East Tennessee Lawyers Association for Women
- Tennessee Alliance for Black Lawyers