Follow the step by step process or choose what situation that best describes you:
The North Carolina State Bar was founded in 1933 by the North Carolina General Assembly to regulate the legal profession in the state. Today, it has over 20,000 members. By contrast, the North Carolina Bar Association is a voluntary membership association for North Carolina lawyers. It serves needs including continuing legal education, legislative lobbying, public service activities and more. If you aspire to become a North Carolina lawyer, you must become a member of the North Carolina State Bar, but you need not be a member of the North Carolina Bar Association. Becoming a member of the North Carolina State Bar entails getting the right education, experience and passing a few examinations. If this is your chosen career path, read on.
The North Carolina Board of Law Examiners requires that you complete undergraduate work necessary for admission to a law school approved by the Council of the North Carolina State Bar or by the American Bar Association (ABA). This entails getting at least a bachelor’s degree, in any subject.
Acceptance into any law school requires that you receive a bachelor’s (at minimum) degree from an accredited undergraduate college or university. The undergraduate institution must be nationally or regionally accredited by an agency recognized by the U.S. Department of Education.
Requirements and Standards
There are no mandates on the courses, majors or minors you should take while in undergraduate school. Some courses that you take in undergraduate school may prove to be more helpful than others later on, especially when you are trying to succeed in law school. Subjects that may help include philosophy, political science and government, history, business and economics, human behavior and psychology, communications and journalism, and criminal justice.
Your bachelor’s degree may be in any major you choose, as long as it is a major that challenges and interests you. You may find that undergraduate majors taken from the above-mentioned subject areas prove to help you more as a law school student.
After receiving your undergraduate degree, the next step towards becoming a lawyer in North Carolina is to pass the LSAT (Law School Admission Test). This six hour long standardized examination is required for entrance into law school.
How to prepare
Check out the free study materials available at the LSAT website. Other materials that may help you get ready for the LSAT, but for which you may have to pay, include:
LSAT Exam Prep Courses in North Carolina:
The LSAT is a traditional format, paper-and-pencil exam, and is one of the most important exams you will ever take. It is weighted by law schools to which you apply as heavily as your undergraduate grade point average in determining your academic qualifications for admission to law school. The format of the LSAT is as follows:
The Law School Admission Council (LSAC) requires you to create an account with them online and pay their $160 exam fee when you register to take the LSAT. It is given quarterly in the following North Carolina locations:
Receiving Your Score
You can expect to receive your LSAT score by mail about three weeks after the exam. Scores range from 120 to 180. Average LSAT scores accepted by approved North Carolina law schools are:
|Campbell University Law School:||156|
|Charlotte School of Law:||149|
|Duke Law School:||170|
|Elon School of Law:||155|
|North Carolina Central University Law School:||146|
|University of North Carolina Law School:||163|
|Wake Forest University Law School:||163|
Now that you have passed the LSAT, you are ready to apply to law schools approved by the Council of the North Carolina State Bar (which, coincidentally, are also approved by the American Bar Association). A list of approved law schools is available in the office of the Secretary of the Council of the North Carolina State Bar.
Credential Assembly Service
Law schools mandate that you use the Law School Admission Council’s Credential Assembly Service (CAS) when you apply for enrollment. The CAS helps you collect all undergraduate transcripts, letters of recommendation, and evaluations from others of your work and character. It will compile them into five law school reports that you may use to apply to five law schools of your choice. This process is begun online through your account with the LSAC.
Accredited Law Schools in North Carolina
North Carolina law schools that have been approved by the Council of the North Carolina State Bar and by the American Bar Association are:
Coursework that you will take in law school in North Carolina will deal with subjects that will be tested on the state’s bar exam. These include business associations, Constitutional law, civil procedure, contracts, evidence, criminal law and procedure, legal ethics, family law, secured transactions (including Uniform Commercial Code), real property, torts, taxation, wills, estates, trusts, and equity.
Online Law Degrees
The North Carolina Board of Law Examiners has ruled that you must have a Juris Doctor (JD) degree prior to sitting for the state’s bar exam.
If you have a JD degree from a Council-approved law school, or will graduate within 30 days of taking the North Carolina bar exam, you are ready to apply to take the exam. You must also be at least 18 years old.
Non-ABA approved law school graduates
If the Council or the ABA does not approve your law school, you are not eligible to take the North Carolina bar exam. However, if you graduated before August 1, 1995 from a non-ABA approved law school, you are eligible to take the bar exam.
Graduates of Foreign Law Schools
If you graduated from a foreign law school with an L.L.M. degree prior to August 1, 2005, you are eligible to sit for the North Carolina bar exam. Otherwise, foreign-educated applicants are not eligible to take the bar exam.
The North Carolina Board of Law Examiners has past bar exams posted on its website that may help you prepare for the state’s bar exam. The National Conference of Bar Examiners website also has free information to help you get ready to take the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) portion of the test. If you would like to take a paid, formal bar review course, options in North Carolina include:
The North Carolina Bar Exam is a two-day event. On the first day, you will answer 12 North Carolina essay questions. Day two consists of the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE). The following subjects may be tested on either portion of the exam:
The application to take the North Carolina Bar Exam is in electronic format, available online. However, it must be printed and mailed to the North Carolina Board of Law Examiners’ office. To start the application process, completed the National Conference of Bar Examiners Online Character & Fitness Application. The Certificate of Moral Character Forms must be completed in duplicate by four references you list in question #33 and mailed by those references to the Office within 30 days. These forms must also be notarized.
Your original application must be submitted in double-sided format with two copies. It must be signed and notarized where applicable. Other information that must accompany your application includes:
Send all information to the Board of Law Examiners of the State of North Carolina, Suite 700, One Exchange Plaza, PO Box 2946, Raleigh, NC 27602.
The following passing statistics for previous North Carolina bar exams have been published by Ameribar:
Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE)
Before you can be admitted to the North Carolina bar, you must also take and pass the Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE). The Board will accept MPRE scores from tests you have taken two years prior to the NC bar exam and one year after passing the NC bar exam. Contact the NCBE for more information and to schedule the MPRE.
Admission on Comity (Reciprocity)
North Carolina’s Board of Law Examiners recognizes lawyers who are licensed elsewhere and does not require you to take the NC bar examination if you meet the following requirements:
Licensing and Admission to the Bar
You should receive your bar exam results and license by UPS by the first two weeks in April if you took the February exam or the first two weeks in September if you took the July exam. You will need to complete the Oath of Office form in the presence of a judge and notary at a formal bar admission ceremony in open court. The Oath states:
“I, ________________________________________, do solemnly swear that I will support the Constitution of the United States; so help me God. I, ________________________________________, do solemnly and sincerely swear that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to the State of North Carolina and to the Constitutional powers and authorities which are or may be established for the government thereof; and that I will endeavor to support, maintain and defend the Constitution of said state, not inconsistent with the Constitution of the United States, to the best of my knowledge and ability; so help me God.
I, ________________________________________, do swear that I will truly and honestly demean myself in the practice of an Attorney, according to the best of my knowledge and ability, so help me God.”
(A version of the Oath of Office without the phrase “so help me God” is also available for candidates for bar admission who wish to use it instead).
You have completed the final milestone in your journey to become a lawyer in New Hampshire, and are now a licensed lawyer and member of the North Carolina State Bar! Every active member of the NC State Bar who resides in North Carolina must also be a member of the judicial district bar where you live or practice. You will be automatically assigned by the NC state bar to a local district bar based on your address, unless you request in writing reassignment to a different district. To find out which judicial bar district you live or work in, view this map.
In order to maintain membership, you must pay the bar’s pay the annual membership fees ($375 for 2012), fulfill the CLE and IOLTA requirements (see below), comply with the state bar’s Rules of Professional Conduct, and maintain local district bar membership.
As a new bar member in North Carolina, you must complete the North Carolina State Bar New Admittee Professionalism Program during your first year of membership. Credit for this program is applied to your total mandatory CLE requirements for the year (see below) in the year the member is first required to meet CLE requirements.
The NC State Bar offers its official 2012 Lawyer’s Handbook for purchase for $14.95 at its website. This is a valuable resource for all NC lawyers that you should obtain as soon as possible after bar admission. The Lawyers Resource Index for North Carolina Lawyers can also help you, as it provides a handy index to all things legal in the state.
Major law firms in North Carolina across the state are often willing to hire graduates fresh out of law school. Some of the most recognizable names include business/corporate litigators Womble Carlyle Sandridge & Rice in Charlotte; Moore & Van Allen in Charlotte and the Research Triangle, representing 10 of the 15 Fortune 500 company clients in the state; multi-practice specialists McGuireWoods in Charlotte; multi-practice and industry litigators Parker Poe Adams & Bernstein in Raleigh and Charlotte; and corporate law firm K&L Gates in Charlotte, Research Triangle Park, and Raleigh.
As mentioned above, North Carolina is also home to 15 Fortune 500 companies, many of which hire attorneys. The state’s Research Triangle Park area, situated between three of North Carolina’s largest universities – Duke University in Durham, Raleigh’s North Carolina State University, and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill -- houses 170 international companies, many of which hire attorneys in various capacities from time to time. Companies within this area include information technology giant Cisco Systems, Inc.; financial company Credit Suisse; the Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; pharmaceutical company Merck BioManufacturing Network; and the Statistical and Applied Mathematical Sciences Institute.
Legal specialty certification
The North Carolina State Bar's Board of Legal Specialization certifies lawyers in the state who wish to practice as specialists in certain areas. In order to become certified as a specialist, you must:
Areas in which you may become specialized to practice law in North Carolina include:
Applications for specialty certification may be obtained at the Forms section of the Board of Legal Specialization’s website.
Requirements for maintaining license
To maintain your North Carolina license to practice law, you must complete 12 hours of continuing legal education (CLE) each. At least two of those hours must be in professional responsibility, including ethics and professional liability. You must take one hour of CLE on substance abuse or mental disability every three years. For more information, contact the CLE department of the NC State Bar.
You must also establish all general client trust accounts with the North Carolina State Bar Plan for Interest on Lawyers’ Trust Accounts (NC IOLTA) in order to keep your law license active in the state. All of your general client trust accounts must be established and maintained as interest-bearing IOLTA accounts. This interest is remitted to the NC IOLTA by the State Bar.
Court Systems in North Carolina
The North Carolina Court System is structured like so:
Elective membership organizations
Depending upon your specialization and demographic factors, you may wish to pursue membership in these other elective organizations for attorneys in North Carolina:
North Caroina Resources
Lawyer Career Specialties
N Carolina Statistics:
|NC Active Lawyers||20,000+|
|Average Annual Wage||$127,310|